Intellectual Capital dan Keunggulan Kompetitif (Studi Empiris Perusahaan Manufaktur versi Jakarta Stock Industrial Classification-JASICA)

Agnes Utari Widyaningdyah, Y. Anni Aryani




Abstract


This research investigates the differences on value added and intellectual capital (IC) efficiency of the companies with sustained and un-sustained competitive advantage. This research uses manufacturing companies listed on Indonesia Stock Exchange during 2009-2011 according to JASICA version. This research indicates that the value creation (proxied by value added intellectual coefficient-VAICTM) and IC efficiency (proxied by intellectual capital efficiency-ICE) of companies with sustained competitive advantage significantly different from companies with unsustained competitive advantage. This finding supports the Resource-based Theory which asserts that company with sustained competitive advantage has an ability to create value for its stakeholder and manages its VRIN (Valuable, Rare, Inimitable, and Non-substitutable) strategic assets efficiently.


Keywords


Intellectual capital, competitive advantage, resource-based theory

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